hat's the difference between formal and informal logic fallacies? What are some logic fallacies?
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Email answers to the following with the subject line of "Life skills lesson 2 - Logic and arguments - Logical fallacies"
Common fallacious argument types
These are different ways people make their arguments sound convincing, even when they aren't true. Match the fallacious argument name to its definition.
|Ad hominem||a||must be true because so many people believe it|
|Bandwagon fallacy||a||--||b||raising concern about competing products that might be tarnished|
|Argument of antiquity||--||c||don't need good information because of the source|
|All natural||--||d||must be true because people have believed it for a long time|
|From authority||--||e||arguing against the person rather than the argument|
|Quantum physics argument||--||f||throw out terms that sound learned and over your head to make the other person think you know more than you do|
These are common ways people use language when their argument is weak.
|Weasel words||-----||a||Two questions at once without time to answer one|
|Straw man argument||-----||b||use words that suggest your point of view is already the accepted one|
|Loaded question||-----||c||Clever words to make you think they say more than they do|
|Poisoning the well||-----||d||Rephrase your opponent's argument and ridiculously exaggerate it|
|Proof by verbosity||e||-----||e||Use many words so people think the argument is better than it is|
These are techniques people can use to make their argument sound better than it is, creating a logical fallacy.
|Excluded middle||a||Changing the subject|
|Red herring||----||b||Out of evidence, assert that your claim can't be proved by science|
|Special pleading||-----||c||Does not follow; invalid conclusion|
|Non-sequeter||a||-----||d||It's unknown to me, so it's unknown to everyone|
|Argument from innocence||-----||e||If it's not one extreme, it must be the other extreme|